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【英语】Appreciating Art Critically
来源:英语教研组    作者:英语教研组    发布时间:2019-04-04    点击率:1327

Appreciating Art Critically

第一板块  教材分析

【教材分析】

  牛津高中英语教材模块八,整本书都是围绕着艺术这一主题展开的。第一单元主要是围绕文学艺术鉴赏展开教学,在教学过程中,将焦点集中在对文学艺术鉴赏方法,步骤,思想的探讨,以及经典的故事及其背后的文化背景的批判性思考上;第二单元主要围绕音乐艺术鉴赏展开教学。这一单元主要讨论了音乐的不同风格,音乐鉴赏的方法,步骤,音乐体现出的思想,以及音乐表现的故事性及其背后文化背景的批判性思考上。 通过对比,我们发现,无论是对文学艺术欣赏还是音乐艺术欣赏,他们之间都有着极为相似的鉴赏方式,并且他们可以通过歌剧,或戏剧的形式整合到一起,达到更加完整的欣赏效果。 第二单元的歌剧《图兰朵》恰好是一个融音乐,表演与文学于一体的艺术表现形式。同时它也是中西方文化相融合的一个典型代表。它通过普契尼——一个西方歌剧大师之眼,来看东方文化。它将故事背景设置在明代中国紫禁城,讲述一个中国公主招亲的故事。虽然歌剧中处处有中国元素,但是剧作家在剧中凸显的却是西方对自由和平等的追求,而忽略了当时历史条件下,中国的现实文化差异。所以《图兰朵》实际上是剧作家对东方文化的遐想,剧中体现了普契尼对中国文化的理解偏差或误解。

由于普契尼并没有完成《图兰朵》,最后一幕是由他的学生完成的。因此,我们以模块八第二单元的阅读为依托,将《图兰朵》的最后一幕进行再创作。在学生所有创作的剧本中,选择一个有代表性的,让学生自己将故事演绎出来,并且根据剧情需要,自己选择配乐,将模块八中第一和第二单元的艺术鉴赏方式有机整合,让学生在合作探究和体验的过程中思考艺术的价值,同时对中西方文化的异同进行思考。


【教学目标】

1.知识与能力目标:辨别艺术表现形式,并做艺术评论——能辨别不同艺术表现形式,灵活运用表达情感态度和价值观的词汇对以文学艺术,表演艺术和音乐艺术为中心的艺术这一话题展开评论;

2.过程与方法目标:合作探究,体验教学,批判性思维——培养学生合作探究精神;通过表演和演奏,体会和体验艺术价值和艺术要表达的文化内涵;通过启发式地提问和小组讨论,培养学生批判性思维;

3.情感态度与价值观目标:知人论世,艺术丰富人生——让学生了解体会心路历程,学习积极生活态度,把握文化内涵,在人文积淀、人文情怀和审美情趣方面提高学生的素养。

【教学重点】

引导学生熟练地运用相关词块进行艺术评论

引导学生对艺术价值的积极认知

激发学生的批判性思维

【教学难点】

批判性思维的培养


第二板块  流程展示

【教学流程】

Step 1  Lead-in

Ask Ss two simple questions and then show them some pictures and have them identify forms of art.

Q1: Recently we’ve talked a lot about art, so can you identify the forms of art in the following pictures?

Q2:Which form is your favorite?

Introduce the topic, opera, by having students recall what they’ve learned about Turandot.


Step 2  Performance and appreciation

Activity  performance of a drama and music

1  Have all the participants introduce their own roles and musical instruments in the drama.

2  Then put the drama on, accompanied by some music played live by a group of students.


While the students are appreciating the drama, it is recommended that they read the lines with the handouts given out.

Step 3  Discussion and critical thinking

Activity  Group Discussion

Have a discussion in four groups and divide them into groups named Art of Performing, Art of Music, and Art of Literature and Participant Group. While discussing, students are expected to take the useful lexical chunks and the sample writing for reference.


Art of Literature:

1. Are you fond of the new ending and the lines in the drama?

2. If you were the playwright, how would you end the story? Why?

3. Is it possible to add something else to the drama, such as a poem? Can you have a try?


Art of Performing:

1. Are you happy with their performances?

2. Which character is the most impressive? Why?

3. Make some comments on the performances of the drama.

 

Art of Music:

1. Are you familiar with the music? (Tell its name if you can.)

2. What can you feel from the music?

3. Does it match the theme of the drama? Or can you recommend some other music?

Lexical chunks for reference

Opinion

from where I stand; as far as I’m concerned; from my point of view; personally; on my personal note; in my opinion; I believe; I bet; I insist; I feel; I admit… …

well-done; impressive; wonderful; splendid; gorgeous; remarkable; puzzled; confused; eye-catching; thought-provoking; insightful; awful; … …

Emotion

sad; desperate; be thirsty for love; passionate; pleased; overjoyed; voluntary; reluctant; tragic; comforting; shocked; frightened; gentle; tense… … 

Personality

naïve; loyal; faithful; selfless; self-centered; self-willed; pride; rude; selfish; indifferent; calculated; ambitious; brave; intelligent; civil; be devoted/addicted to the pursuit of power; be bent on doing… …

Attitude

prefer; like/dislike; agree/disagree; in agreement/disagreement with; for/against; be fond of; don’t care; positive; negative… …

Other expressions

powerful; have a relaxed feel; hold a mirror up to sb/sth; be attracted by; be drawn into; be crazy about; vivid; match; go perfectly with… 

A sample commentary on an opera Aida

Tonight, I went to see the famous Italian opera Aida at the opera house. It was crowded but I was lucky enough to get a great seat. I could not believe my ears when I heard the beautiful music. All the performers had such powerful voices that they touched the softest place in my soul. The music went perfectly with the performances. With the development of the story, the music sometimes sounded passionate; sometimes sad; sometimes gentle; sometimes tense. I even felt my breath in and out with it.   

The opera tells the story of Aida, an Ethiopian princess who is taken away to Egypt to work as a slave. Her angry father comes to save her with an army and fights against the Egyptian army, which is led by Radames. Radames, who loves Aida, betrays the Egyptian king because he wants to help Aida to escape.

I don't really like stories about love and I certainly did not cry at the end! However, I must admit that I am fond of the actress, who played the role as Aida. Her performance was vivid and full of passion. When she showed her love the Radames, she expressed her emotion through every detail of her body language. Besides, I was a little frightened when the fireworks were set off during the battle scenes. Most of all, I loved the set. I thought I was in Egypt. I could not believe it when I saw the elephants and horses on stage!

Step 4  Opinion sharing

Activity  Some participants from the Participant Group share their intention and feelings of giving such a performance.

The playwright will share her writing intention.

The director will share how she organizes the performance and her feelings.

The violin player will share his understanding of the music.

The actor and the actress also share their understanding of the role they play


Step 5  Conclusion

The teacher will draw a conclusion in the following aspects:

1. Art is a universal language, which can bridge western and eastern culture.

2. As Chinese students, it is our duty to promote our cultural essence to the world, and to have people around the globe understand us better.

3. The process of appreciating art can be an enjoyable but challenging one, which needs persistence.

4. Art is a noble way to enrich our life.


Step 5 Homework


【板书设计】

Appreciating Art Critically

                        

第三板块  设计理念

【设计理念】

对于艺术,我们总是熟悉又陌生。我们总是试图通过艺术来释放我们对这个世界,对生命,对爱,对文化的理解。而艺术的表现形式太多,我们到底通过哪些方式来探寻艺术的真理,表达我们对艺术的理解呢?模块八给我们提供了四种艺术形式——文学艺术,音乐艺术,绘画艺术,和影视艺术。我从最初想整合整本书四个单元四种艺术形式,到最后选择了其中两个单元的两项进行整合,其原因在于,这两项是极富表现张力的,也极具探讨的可行性和价值。它们的鉴赏方式和步骤极为相似;它们能够有机整合而不显杂乱;它们对学生来说是喜闻乐见的表现形式;同时它们之间的差异也非常突出,能够做到互补。因此,我选择了这两个单元的内容作为整体的内容依托,当然,侧重点还是放在了第二单元。因为第二单元的内容能够更好地激发学生对问题的思考,培养学生的批判性思维。同时,考虑到欣赏艺术最好还是要有直观的体验和感受,如果只是文字和图片未免有纸上谈兵之嫌,所以我安排了一组学生,自己创作剧本,自己排练戏剧,自己选择音乐,自己进行演奏,这样他们自己得到了最直观的体验,同时也通过演出的方式和分享感受的方式,让更多学生欣赏和体会到艺术带给他们的力量。同时,作为观众的学生也可以通过原课本文本的阅读,和对演出学生的评价,进行批判思考,提出自己的想法,增加他们的参与感和体验感。

【教法】

整合教学

体验教学

【学法】

合作探究法


第四板块  自我评价

【自我评价】

通过这样的设计,试图达到“教师调动,学生主动,师生互动,气氛生动”的效果。

【结 语】

阿尔弗雷德.怀海特在《教育的目的》一书中《自述生平》部分描述到:“道德的和美学意义上的美,是生存的目的;善良、爱和艺术上的满足是实现它的形式”。愿学生在有限的生命中,于无限的艺术的世界里,寻找到有关爱,有关幸福,有关生命的意义。

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